Ms Parrot: Essay Chef
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Download the transcript associated with the video or download the exercises in pdf format or as a expressed word document.
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Essays help you discover more about a topic and write a analysis that is reasoned of issues under consideration, using a selection of external sources to guide your role.
An essay is a highly structured piece of writing with follow a typical pattern:
Writing a essay that is good be in comparison to baking a cake—if you do not mix the right ingredients when you look at the right quantities or order, and don’t follow the required processes, then the end result will not be everything you wished for!
There is no set model for an essay, nevertheless the English for Uni website presents one way that is popular do it. The example that is following based around a 1000 word discussion essay. To see about essays in greater detail, download this word or pdf document.
It’s important for you yourself to analyse your topic and title very carefully to be able to understand the specific aim of the question. To do this, you will need to break the question down. Most essay questions will contain these three elements:
Content/Topic words give the subject of this essay.
Limiting/Focus words provide a narrower scope for the essay.
Directive or words that are instructional you the way to approach the essay.
Glance at these essay that is sample from A) Economics and B) Nutrition:
In example B, answering the question fully involves looking closely during the directive word Discuss and analysing its exact meaning.
Discuss: Present various points and consider the sides that are different. A discussion is usually more than an explanation, since you need to present evidence and state which argument is more persuasive.
So, in your essay entitled:
“Chocolate is a healthy food”. Discuss.”
you would want to:
• consider a quantity of points pertaining to the title
• balance your points between supporting and opposing positions consider that is of the positions is considered the most persuasive and explain why
You also have to consider the length of your essay. In a 2000 word essay it is possible to cover more points compared to a 1000 word one! This example is dependant on a 1000 word essay.
In relation to Content words your focus is clear: chocolate!
With regards to Limiting words, you need to considercarefully what food that is healthy means. a simple method to|way that is good expand your vocabulary would be to look at the Academic Word List (produced by Averil Coxhead at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand). The uefap website also has very helpful lists of words found in particular subjects, such as mathematics, business and health science.
Directive or words that are instructional
There are certain directive words, or instructional words you what to do in your essay as they are sometimes called, which tell. Some traditional words that are directive:
|Analyse||Have a look at something in depth, examining the important points.|
|Argue||Give reasons behind why you agree or disagree with something and show that you recognize different points of view.|
|Assess||Compare different points and see if the argument or info is true or persuasive.|
|Compare||Show the similarities between two sets of data or arguments. ‘Compare’ often appears with ‘contrast’ in essay questions.|
|Contrast||Show the differences between two sets of data or arguments. ‘Contrast’ often appears with ‘compare’ in essay questions.|
|Criticise||Evaluate a quarrel or a text to see in case it is good. ‘Criticise’ doesn’t mean you need to be negative.|
|Critique||Evaluate an argument or a text to see if it is good. ‘Critique’ doesn’t mean you need to be negative.|
|Define||Explain the meaning of a word or a phrase, particularly in the context of your essay. You can make use of a dictionary definition you are studying if it’s helpful, but remember that the word might be used in a particular way in the subject.|
|Describe||Give details about something.|
|Discuss||glance at the different sides of a quarrel and say which will be more convincing. Help your reader to know more about something by providing relevant details.|
|Evaluate||consider the strengths and weaknesses associated with the material and give your final opinion from it.|
|Examine||glance at the strengths and weaknesses associated with material and provide your final opinion from it.|
|Explain||Help your reader to understand more about something by giving relevant details.|
|Illustrate||Give examples to make something clearer.|
|Interpret||Help your reader to understand more info on something and provide your perspective that is own if.|
|Justify||Give reasons why you should explain what you think about a subject.|
|Outline||Give a explanation that is broad of without a lot of details.|
|Prove||Show if something is true and demonstrate how you reached that conclusion.|
|Review||Have a look at something in more detail and present your perspective onto it.|
|State||Put your ideas or arguments clearly.|
|Summarise||Pull everything together and present it clearly without the need for detail that is too much.|
Brainstorming means ideas that are producing to a layout. You can easily write the basic ideas down in every order.
Let me reveal a possible brainstorm for the chocolate essay, carried out in the type of a mind map:
Keep in mind that the central focus (the essay question) has several boxes connected to it which represent the writer’s first ideas. Other boxes area then added. A brainstorm like this is organic; it does not necessarily stop growing. You could add, remove or reorganise it while you wish. If you like to place more system into your brainstorm, use a model that is step-based as the annotated following:
Time yourself for the first draft of your mind map
Set a set time for this drafting from your base topic/question and adhere to it.
Look critically at your draft
Which ideas could you develop or remove? Is there how to write a professional essay a balance of ideas?
think of ordering
Which issues might you tackle first in your essay and exactly why?
Step 4 readers that are anticipate needs
Are there any words and/or phrases which may need explaining? If that’s the case, when may be the best time in the essay for this?
Reflect upon your brainstorming. Thoughts is broken satisfied with your brainstorm it can be used by you to plan your essay.
Once you’ve got done some brainstorming, it’s time for you get researching!
Keep in mind that an academic essay requires academic sources.
Finding what you need takes time and effort. The place that is best to start (assuming you haven’t already been given a prescribed reading list!) is to apply an academic database. If you should be not sure simple tips to use a database, then book an appointment with your subject librarian at your institution.
Another option is to try using an internet search that is academic such as Google Scholar. N.B. Be sure you are logged into the library at your educational institution, to enable you to make use of the database that is full connected to Google Scholar.
You’ll want to enter keywords in the first place. When it comes to essay that is chocolate one of the first associations we looked at was chocolate and mood. If we enter these words into Google Scholar it’s going to seem like this:
This can take one to a webpage which lists a true number of relevant articles, such as this:
The very first two articles have now been cited 90 times and 103 times respectively, suggesting that they may be sources that are good your essay. The links to your right indicate that you have access to the articles throughout your university website.
If you were to think an article looks promising, go through the link and appearance in the abstract:
Browse the abstract and have yourself if the content for the article will probably be relevant to your essay.
a) If yes, go through the pdf. This may take one to the full article which after that you can skim read quickly to decide if it is relevant.
b) If no, then you have an option. Either click on the links to other related articles or go back to Google Scholar and then choose another article to skim read.
Should you not find what you’re looking for, you will need to alter your keywords search.
When you yourself have found everything you think may be useful, make an email in your plan at the appropriate place.
Do the same thing for all of the points that want academic references to support them.
Understand that through your research you may discover new issues and perspectives that you hadn’t considered before, so your original plan might be quite different from the one that is final!
Once you’ve brainstormed your ideas and done some research that is initial start putting them into a logical order within the essay planning process. Brainstorming helps you to see just what you understand in regards to the topic. Researching provides you with more depth. Brainstorming, planning and researching are cyclical, which means each process helps one other processes and you might choose to do each process more than once.